Stem Cell Therapy for Knees Singapore 2023
Stem cell therapy for knees in Singapore is an ongoing topic of research and is considered experimental by the medical community. Parents can find fee-for-service clinics that advertise stem cell therapy for knees, but most of these clinics promote their own approach, which creates a lot of confusion among patients.
Stem Cell Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis Evidence and Reviews
Stem cells are special human cells that have the ability to develop into many different cell types, ranging from muscle cells to brain cells. However, their unique properties also present risks. For instance, the stem cells used here could potentially develop into nasty tumour cells instead of cartilage tissue, resulting in cancer.
But Professor James Hui from NUH, who led the study, said they have not seen a single case of cancer in the knees in any of the patients.
But not all patients are suitable for this procedure.
Prof Hui, who is Head and Senior Consultant of Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in NUH, added: "We usually prefer seeing patients below the age of 60 as the ability for the cartilage to regenerate is higher for younger patients. More importantly, the cartilage defects have to be localised, and surrounding joint tissue need to be healthy."
Based on magnetic resonance imaging scans, the regenerated cartilage is structurally similar to the original cartilage. But it remains to be seen if they have the same degree of functionality and if the regenerated cartilage is as durable in the long run.
Regenexx, the largest provider of stem cell therapy for orthopaedic conditions in the United States alone, have treated 30,000 patients with stem cell therapy for various joint conditions including knee pain. According to Regenexx, common regenerative medicine treatments used in common orthopedic problems have better research evidence than orthopedic surgery.
Several other comparative studies have demonstrated good evidence in the treatment of osteoarthritis. However, there are several approaches and cell lines used. More well-designed and randomised controlled trials are needed to evaluate the best approach and universal consensus. As studies continue, the methods, forms and combinations of stem cell preparations are improving, and outcomes are expected to improve as well.
Stem Cell Therapy Dose for Knee Osteoarthritis
Key TakeawayCertain patients are likely to benefit from stem cells instead of knee replacement surgery depending on their age and severity of disease, since joint replacement has its own risks. That said, stage 4 or severe knee osteoarthritis is unlikely to benefit from stem cells. You should consult your doctor and come to a decision together.